While we cannot stop global warming overnight, or even over the next several decades, we can slow the rate and limit the amount of global warming by reducing human emissions of heat-trapping gases and soot (“black carbon”).

Burning fossil fuels such as natural gas, coal, oil and gasoline raises the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and carbon dioxide is a major contributor to the greenhouse effect and global warming.

You can help to reduce the demand for fossil fuels, which in turn reduces global warming, by using energy more wisely. Here are 10 simple actions you can take to help reduce global warming.

1. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.                                                                         

Do your part to reduce waste by choosing reusable products instead of disposables. Buying products with minimal packaging (including the economy size when that makes sense for you) will help to reduce waste. And whenever you can, recycle paper, plastic, newspaper, glass and aluminum cans. If there isn’t a recycling program at your workplace, school, or in your community, ask about starting one. By recycling half of your household waste, you can save 2,400 pounds (1,088.62kg) of carbon dioxide annually.

2. Use Less Heat and Air Conditioning                                   

Adding insulation to your walls and attic, and installing weather stripping or caulking around doors and windows can lower your heating costs by more than 25 percent, by reducing the amount of energy you need to heat and cool your home.

Turn down the heat while you’re sleeping at night or away during the day, and keep temperatures moderate at all times. Setting your thermostat just 2 degrees lower in winter/harmattan season and higher in summer/heat season could save about 2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide each year.

3. Change a Light Bulb                                                 

Wherever practical, replace regular light bulbs with compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs. Replacing just one 60-watt incandescent light bulb with a CFL will save you $30 over the life of the bulb. CFLs also last 10 times longer than incandescent bulbs, use two-thirds less energy, and give off 70 percent less heat. If every family replaced one regular light bulb with a CFL, it would eliminate 90 billion pounds of greenhouse gases, the same as taking 7.5 million cars off the road.

4. Drive Less and Drive Smart

Less driving means fewer emissions. Besides saving gasoline, walking and biking are great forms of exercise. Explore your community’s mass transit system, and check out options for carpooling to work or school.                                                              

When you do drive, make sure your car is running efficiently. For example, keeping your tires properly inflated can improve your gas mileage by more than 3 percent. Every gallon of gas you save not only helps your budget; it also keeps 20 pounds (9.07kg) of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere.

5. Buy Energy-Efficient Products                                                     

When it’s time to buy a new car, choose one that offers good gas mileage. Home appliances now come in a range of energy-efficient models, and compact florescent bulbs are designed to provide more natural-looking light while using far less energy than standard light bulbs. Avoid products that come with excess packaging, especially molded plastic and other packaging that can’t be recycled. If you reduce your household garbage by 10 percent, you can save 1,200 pounds (544.31 kg) of carbon dioxide annually.

6. Use Less Hot Water                                                                               

Set your water heater at 49.00C (120 degrees) to save energy, and wrap it in an insulating blanket if it is more than 5 years old. Buy low-flow showerheads to save hot water and about 350 pounds (158.75kg) of carbon dioxide yearly. Wash your clothes in warm or cold water to reduce your use of hot water and the energy required to produce it. That change alone can save at least 500 pounds (226.80 kg) of carbon dioxide annually in most households. Use the energy-saving settings on your dishwasher and let the dishes air-dry.

7. Use the “Off” Switch                                                                    

Save electricity and reduce global warming by turning off lights when you leave a room, and using only as much light as you need. And remember to turn off your television, video player, stereo and computer when you’re not using them. It’s also a good idea to turn off the water when you’re not using it. While brushing your teeth, shampooing the dog or washing your car, turn off the water until you actually need it for rinsing. You’ll reduce your water bill and help to conserve a vital resource.

8. Plant a Tree                                                                                  

If you have the means to plant a tree, start digging. During photosynthesis, trees and other plants absorb carbon dioxide and give off oxygen. They are an integral part of the natural atmospheric exchange cycle here on Earth, but there are too few of them to fully counter the increases in carbon dioxide caused by automobile traffic, manufacturing and other human activities. A single tree will absorb approximately one ton of carbon dioxide during its lifetime.

  1. Be fashion smart – buy fewer apparels

Fashion production makes up 10% of humanity’s carbon emissions, dries up water sources, and pollutes rivers and streams. What’s more, 85% of all textiles go to the dump each year. And washing some types of clothes sends thousands of bits of plastic into the ocean.

Buying fewer clothes and higher quality is one of the best ways to help the environment. It not only saves resources used in the production of new clothing pieces but also prevents more textile waste from ending up in landfills.

10. Encourage Others to Conserve                                                

Share information about recycling and energy conservation with your friends, neighbors and co-workers, and take opportunities to encourage public officials to establish programs and policies that are good for the environment.

These 10 steps will take you a long way toward reducing your energy use and your monthly budget. And less energy use means less dependence on the fossil fuels that create greenhouse gases and contribute to global warming.

As a Volunteer

Donate and put books about climate change in your nearest library.

Pick up trash along road side when walking; it helps in keeping our natural environment clean and healthy for us to live in.

Support corporate sustainability initiatives or start one at your office and find ways to get involved, also talk to your colleagues about starting one.

Work on a community solar project; solar panels can be a stretch for many home owners.

Visit our national parks. Many of our treasured national parks are on the frontlines of climate change.

Act Locally

Disinvest from carbon-heavy industries and invest in industries that have cleaned energy and carbon free option.

Shop locally to provide community jobs and reduce transportation cost and carbon emissions.

Come together to combat climate change, by collaborating and changing everyday behavior, educating each other on energy reduction usage.

Say yes to mass transportation initiatives. By telling your city to go car free.

Start or support on urban farming in your region, it can go a long way to cut carbon emissions and provide local employment.

Plant a community garden. Rolling up your sleeves and digging in the soil offers a great way to meet neighbors and adding something to your neighborhood. Offer recommendations on how to manage and maintain a public patch.

Support your local river cleanup to make them more enjoyable.

Bring your own shopping bags; plastic bags are incredibly destructive to the environment: they take hundreds of years to break down, contaminating the soil and water ways; to avoid these problems it is advisable to switch to reusable bags and use them consistently.

Turn off your engine if you’re stopped for more than 10 seconds, unless you are in traffic.


Be more conservative with energy usage: This is a better way to prevent pollution. This means you and I should engage in activities and processes that can cut down on energy usage in our household. These could be by way of  ensuring we unplug devices and switch-off lights when not in use. By doing so, it causes the power plant to expend less energy that can lead to the production of greenhouse gasses. Energy- efficient light bulbs also helps to save electricity.

Get your children on board: They are never too young to take climate action. Offer everyday ways for children to be mindful about the planet.

Renovate old homes instead of constructing new ones

Sun-dry your clothes instead of using the dryer to conserve energy.

Check your gas’s cap regularly in other to avoid gas escape from your tank, in other not to waste fuel and your hard-earned gas money.

Plant your own vegetables garden to get more local fresh tomatoes and vegetables from your backyard.

Work from home at least one day of each week to save energy.

Start walking; it is a single action that is better for your health and your planet.

Reduce food wastage whether it’s rotting in your fridge or left over on your plate.

Act online by;

Discussing and advocating for the natural environment in a more concrete term, using different internet platforms. The environment is an abstract concept, and until you and I put a human face to the problem we will not inspire people to act.

Support e-books and e-publications reporting on climate change,  it makes us and helps us learn more about dangers of climate change. Always get updated on daily news and inspirations from trusted sources.

Recycling is a cost-effective and eco-friendly process that   eliminate waste  and doesn’t emit greenhouse gasses into the environment. Take your discarded electronics, paper, glass and plastics to any recycling center. These items  could be remade into other recyclable materials.

Trees help mitigate climate change effects by absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen into the environment and air also helps in cooling down our cities.

Spreading awareness about renewable energy is a way to create positive impact in our community. Educate others on how renewable energy is better than utilizing fossil fuels. This could convince people to invest in the idea.

Start by educating yourself and others: You and I can help protect our planet by educating others about the dangers of climate change and how to go against it. There are many platforms for us to exploit that can allow us spread our messages about climate change easily. This could be done verbally or via social media.